NIST: Disaster Resilience (DR) Research Grants Program

see notice $300,000

Abstract
The Disaster Resilience (DR) Research Grants Program seeks applications from eligible applicants to conduct research aimed at advancing the principles of resilience in building design and building codes and standards.Research proposals must support the overall effort of developing science-based building codes by evaluating potential technologies and architectural design criteria to improve disaster resilience in the built environment.

Research projects must be aligned with existing NIST Engineering Laboratory (EL) Disaster Resilience programs, as described below.:
a. National Windstorm Impact Reduction Program and Structural Performance under Multi-Hazard Program. These two programs support research to improve the understanding of windstorms (hurricanes, tornadoes, thunderstorms, and others) and coastal flooding events (storm surge and tsunamis), their impacts, and impact mitigation, including: (1) the quantification of these hazards and associated loads, including by computational fluid dynamics techniques; (2) the quantification of the impacts of windstorms, including identification of causes and trends in loss of life from windstorms; and (3) the design, construction, and retrofit of buildings, structures, and lifelines to resist these hazards.

b. Disaster and Failure Studies Program. This program’s research is in the areas of disaster and failure studies, and includes the development of innovative measurement methods and technologies to collect or to characterize the measurement uncertainty of data from field studies.

c. Wildland Urban Interface Fire Program. This program develops, advances, and deploys measurement science to quantify the generation of vegetative and structural firebrands, investigate the ignition of fuels by firebrands within communities, and better characterize the exposure of structures to firebrand flux in order to reduce the risk of fire spread in wildland-urban interface (WUI) communities.

d. National Earthquake Hazards Reduction Program. The program conducts research in the areas of earthquake impact reduction (including engineering for existing buildings and physical infrastructure/lifelines). Specific areas of research include (1) developing improved analytical models and simulation capabilities to evaluate existing building vulnerabilities and collapse risk under strong earthquake shaking through analytical and/or experimental studies, including study of older non-ductile masonry, structural steel or reinforced concrete buildings or building elements; (2) developing potential cost effective solutions to mitigate earthquake vulnerabilities in existing buildings through the use of new materials, innovative practices or other means; (3) developing improved techniques, tools, and guidelines to assess civil lifelines (e.g., underground water pipes) at both the individual component and system scales to improve resilience; and (4) developing improved techniques, tools, and guidelines for modeling and evaluating soil liquefaction effects on buildings and civil lifeline systems to mitigate their impact.