The Obama administration’s BRAIN Initiative “has already catalyzed more than $1.5 billion in public and private funds,” the White House says. Altogether more than $500 million has come from private sources, including “Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Allen Institute for Brain Science, the Kavli Foundation, the Simons Foundation, GE, GlaxoSmithKline, members of the National Photonics Initiative, as well as patient advocacy organizations and universities.” The administration wants to add the Department of Energy to agencies already brain-focused: DARPA, NSF, IARPA, FDA, and NIH.