Archives for May 19, 2016

discoverer of three exoplanets

Jj bio pic.png Alumni research accomplishments include the ongoing work of this astrophysicist and professor of astronomy at Harvard.

Check him out.

scientific exploration of the Moon

F Al-Baz.jpgS&T alumni have held key positions. Do you know about Farouk El-Baz?

NASA Johnson Space Center Oral History Project

 

co-discoverer of the neutrino

Do you know about Clyde Cowen (Nobel Prize in Physics)?  Check out this alum’s story.

Clyde Lorrain Cowan Jr

Clean Energy Manufacturing Innovation Institute for Reducing EMbodied-energy And Decreasing Emissions (REMADE) in Materials Manufacturing

see PIVOT

Abstract
The EERE intends to issue, on behalf of the Advanced Manufacturing Office (AMO), a Funding Opportunity Announcement (FOA) entitled “Clean EnergyManufacturing Innovation Institute for Reducing EMbodied-energy AndDecreasing Emissions (REMADE) in Materials Manufacturing.”

This FOA supports the establishment of a Clean Energy ManufacturingInnovation Institute for Reducing EMbodied-energy And Decreasing Emissions (REMADE) in Materials Manufacturing. This Institute will enable the development and widespread deployment of key industrial platform technologies that will dramatically reduce life-cycle energy consumption and carbon emissions associated with industrial-scale materials production and processing through the development of technologies for reuse, recycling, and remanufacturing of materials. Solving this enormous and currently unmet challenge could significantly reduce U.S. primary energy usage and greenhouse gas emissions in the industrial sector, which represents a particularly challenging sector to decarbonize, and improve U.S. manufacturingcompetiveness in the process. Analysis shows that the development and deployment of cost effective new technologies to enable significant reductions in the life-cycle embodied energy and carbon emissions for materials production in the US economy relative to the use of primary feedstocks could offer energy savings on the order of 1.6 quadrillion BTU (quads) annually across four classes of waste materials – metals, fibers, polymers, and e-waste.

The resulting Clean Energy Manufacturing Innovation Institute is expected to be a Department of Energy supported Institute participating in the interagency National Network for Manufacturing Innovation (NNMI) program.

Consortium for Advanced Manufacturing Foresights

see PIVOT

Abstract
The National Science Foundation (NSF), with support from the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), is calling for the advanced manufacturing research community to unite in the establishment of the Consortium for Advanced Manufacturing Foresights (the “Consortium”). NSF is the program lead and is solely responsible for administration of the solicitation and the resulting award. NIST, acting on behalf of the Advanced Manufacturing National Program Office, is the program co-sponsor with NSF and provides financial and administrative support to NSF. The Consortium will:
– Embrace all fields of advanced manufacturing, including emerging areas and areas overlapping with other disciplines.
– Serve as a catalyst and enabler for and give a voice to the national advanced manufacturing research community in shaping the future of advanced manufacturing.
– Consider issues, challenges and opportunities facing U.S. advanced manufacturing, and source novel and unanticipated perspectives on technology priorities that can inform both the broad advanced manufacturing community and agency work.
– Provide a resource for rapid response expert advice to help inform cross-cutting federal research and development initiatives in advanced manufacturing. It is anticipated that these responses might be provided within from several days for simple informational items to several months for more complex issues.
– Serve as an intermediary for the Administration in soliciting the input of the broader manufacturing community and supply chains on technology strategies.

Mid-Career Researcher Award

see PIVOT

Abstract
The Mid-Career Researcher Award recognizes exceptional achievements in materials research made by mid-career professionals. The award recipient must also demonstrate notable leadership in the materials area.

The Mid-Career Researcher Award is made possible through an endowment established by Aldrich Materials Science.

Functional Materials and Applications

see PIVOT

Abstract
Air Force Research Laboratory, Materials & Manufacturing Directorate is soliciting white papers and potentially technical and cost proposals under this announcement that support the needs of the Functional Materials and Applications mission. Functional Materials technologies range from materials and scientific discovery through technology development and transition are of interest. Descriptors of Materials and Manufacturing Directorate technology interests are presented in the context of functional materials core technical competencies and applications which focus on enabling innovative solutions, methods and understanding in the development and application of new materials devices and concepts to meet specific performance goals.

Integrated Earth Systems (IES)

see PIVOT

Abstract
Integrated Earth Systems (IES) is a program in the Division of Earth Sciences (EAR) that focuses on the continental, terrestrial and deep Earth subsystems of the whole Earth system. The overall goal of the program is to provide opportunity for collaborative, multidisciplinary research into the operation, dynamics and complexity of Earth systems at a budgetary scale between that of a typical project in the EAR Division’s disciplinary programs and larger scale initiatives at the Directorate or Foundation level. Specifically, IES will provide research opportunities for the study of Earth systems from the core of the Earth to the top of the critical zone with a specific focus on subsystems that include continental, terrestrial and deep Earth subsystems at all temporal and spatial scales (NROES, 2012). IES will provide opportunities to focus on Earth systems connected to topics which include (but are not limited to) the continents; the terrestrial, surficial Earth systems including physical, chemical and biotic dimensions; linkages among tectonics, climate, landscape change, topography and geochemical cycles including core and mantle processes.

Soil and Rock Mechanics

see PIVOT

Abstract
The Geotechnical and Structures Laboratory announces research in soil androck mechanics. Research is needed
– to improve methods for prediction and control of erosion of unlined spillway channels during uncontrolledreleases;
– to develop innovative methods for flood protection and flood fighting, including field evaluations of promising technologies;
– to develop guidance for applications of trenchless technology on Corps structures, including measures to ensure safety and stability of Corps structures when trenchless technology is used to install pipelines, cables, or conduits through or beneath levees and other structures;
– to develop improved methods, including risk-based methods for analyzing earth and rockfill dams and other water control structures for both static- and earthquake-induced stresses;
– to improve the state of knowledge of physical and engineering properties of soil, rock, and clay shales; earth-rock mixtures, granular filters, cohesive and noncohesive fine-grained soils susceptible to liquefaction; and soils susceptible to drastic volume changes (collapse, consolidation, swell);
– to develop rational analytical procedures and more reliable prediction of behavior of partially saturated soils;
– to determine the response of soils in situ to static and dynamic loading and unloading;
– to determine the susceptibility of earth dams to cracking, hydraulic fracturing, and internal erosion;
– to evaluate improved defensive design measures in use of materials, particularly in filter and transition zones and impervious barriers;
– to improve procedures for monitoring and analysis of the performance of new and existing structures, particularly the use and interpretation of observations and data from specialized instrumentation, and expedient systems for rapid inspection and evaluation of the integrity of dams;
– to improve the understanding of the aging processes in dams and the influence of aging (particularly deterioration of safety-related features) on long-term maintenance and/or rehabilitation requirements for dams;
– to develop a better understanding of failure mechanisms to improve design of defensive measures, to provide information for remedial repairs, to assess potential damages resulting from failure, and to provide a basis for emergency actions;
– to develop expedient remedial measures when hazardous conditions are identified and, thus, reduce the damages and catastrophic potential of dam failures;
– to develop methodology to evaluate forces exerted on structural elements by adjacent soil masses that result from long-term variation in soil properties;
– to develop improved methodology for design and construction procedures for shallow and deep foundations, including mats, footings, piers, and piles for buildings, hydraulic structures and waterfront structures;
– for large-scale physical and numerical modeling of deep underground structures (tunnels, shafts, chambers, and intersections);
– for predictions of rock mass dredgability;
– for acoustic emission (micro-seismic) applications in geotechnical engineering;
– for geotechnical aspects of hazardous and low-level radioactive waste disposal;
– for evaluation of rock for use as riprap;
– for grouting of soil and rock masses;
– for sliding stability of gravity structures; and
– for centrifuge modeling of structures founded on or in rock.

Humanities Connections

see PIVOT

Abstract
Humanities Connections grants seek to expand the role of the humanities in the undergraduate curriculum at two- and four-year institutions, offering students in all academic fields new opportunities to develop the intellectual skills and habits of mind that the humanities cultivate. Grant projects focus on connecting the resources and perspectives of the humanities to students’ broader educational and professional goals, regardless of their path of study.

Through this new grant program, NEH invites proposals that reflect innovative and imaginative approaches to preparing students for their roles as engaged citizens and productive professionals in a rapidly changing and interdependent world. Grants support the development and implementation of an integrated set of courses and student engagement activities focusing on significant humanities content. A common topic, theme, or compelling issue or question must link the courses and activities. The linked courses (a minimum of three) may fulfill general education or core curriculum requirements but could also be designed primarily for students in a particular major or course of study. The Humanities Connections program gives special encouragement to projects that foster collaboration between humanities faculty and their counterparts in the social and natural sciences and pre-service or professional programs in business, engineering, health sciences, law, computer science, and other non-humanities fields. Humanities Connections projects have two core features: 1. faculty from at least two separate departments or schools at a single institution must collaborate to devise new curricular arrangements; and 2. projects must include provisions for high-impact student engagement activities that relate directly to the topic(s) of the linked courses. These activities could include individual or collaborative undergraduate research projects; opportunities for civic engagement; or a structured experience with community-based, project-based, or site-based learning. Community organizations and cultural institutions can play key roles in this regard.