Archives for May 5, 2016

CAMPUS INSTITUTIONAL REVIEW BOARD

Hall, Richard H. PROFESSOR Business & Information Tech Personal Page 106-A Fulton Hall ROLLA, MO 65409 573/341-4811 rhall@mst.edu

website

Intelligent Microsystem Laboratory (IML)

The mission of the Intelligent Microsystem Laboratory (IML) is to accomplish functional integration (on-chip intelligence) and structural integration (miniaturization) of advanced microsystems. We conceptualize novel microsystems for special needs, implement them with novel technologies and demonstrate the system performance. Our main research topics are intelligent microsystems (microsensors, microactuators, and microfluidics) and their niche applications largely to biological and medical areas. Some of our current focuses include: metabolites sensing (on-chip self-calibration) and plant/crop physiology (root growth environment). The overarching goals of this exploration are to contribute to global health issues and to secure our future sustainability.

The IML is located at the Materials Research Center (MRC), Missouri University of Science and Technology (Missouri S&T). The laboratory is equipped with a variety of instruments to fabricate and characterize integrated microsystems. We are part of the Materials Research Center (MRC) and support the MRC’s missions. The IML is devoted to providing highly interactive and interdisciplinary research environment and to collaborating with experts in various fields to develop new research areas.

CONTACT

Dr. Kim, Chang-Soo, Associate Professor
Departments of Electrical & Computer Engineering and Biological Sciences
Missouri University of Science and Technology (formerly University of Missouri – Rolla)
301 W 16th St., Rolla, MO 65409
573-341-4529 (voice), 573-341-2071 (fax), ckim@mst.edu

Nanoelectronics Materials Optimization (NEMO)

see PIVOT notice

Abstract
The contractor shall perform Research and Development for Air Force electronic and optical applications for the Functional Materials Division (AFRL/RXA). Advances made in the program are expected to lead to improvedmaterials and devices for digital, microwave, infrared detector, opto-electronic, secure communication, power generation and control applications. The range of materials to be investigated in this program includes epitaxially grown or other engineered materials, optical and electro-optical materials and dielectric materials. Studies of lifetime and failure physics may be needed to understand said devices.

The Research and Development will also include the synthesis, material growth, device fabrication/processing, and evaluation of new and/or modified material systems and new/improved laboratory test procedures, analytical, characterization, and modeling techniques to evaluate materials and device performance. These will affect such technical challenges as frequency agile operation over the broad electromagnetic spectrum, improved detection of day/night events with higher resolution or larger coverage area, higher operating temperature sensors with low noise, higher power density in electronic materials use, minimization of energy consumption, size, and weight of electronic devices, conformal, flexible, and shock resistant electronic materials, affordable electronic material processes, and electronic material reliability. The goal is development of materials and processing methodologies that are vital to create advanced materials and devices for future Air Force (AF) systems.

Broad Agency Announcement: Radiation Effects Research (68-15-02)

see PIVOT notice

Abstract
The Solid State Devices Branch of the Electronics Science and Technology Division of the Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) is interested in receiving proposals to investigate the effects of radiation on advanced solidstate devices and developing methods to mitigate these effects. The radiation of interest includes the natural radiation environment of space (trapped particles, cosmic ray ions, solar protons, et cetera) and non-natural sources (gamma rays, neutrons, pulses of energy, et cetera). The effects include total dose and displacement damage and single event effects including upset, latchup, gate rupture, et cetera. The devices of interest include, but are not limited to
– advanced technology memory devices,
– gate arrays,
– microprocessors,
– imagers,
– solar arrays, and
– energy storage devices such as batteries.

Mitigation effects include hardening by processing or design or shielding techniques especially using novel and innovative ideas not previously investigated.

Space Vehicles (RV) University Grants Program

see PIVOT notice

Abstract
AFRL/RV is seeking U.S. and U.S. Territory universities/colleges to propose grants for space-based basic and applied research that are of interest to the Department of Defense (DoD). Specifically, the objective is toencourage students’ and professors’ interest in Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) to help meet long-term national defense needs of the United States for personnel proficient in STEM.

The focus of AFRL/RV is on research areas that offer significant and comprehensive benefits to our national war-fighting and peacekeeping capabilities. These areas are organized and managed in five overarching Core Technology Competences (CTCs): Space Electro-Optical and Infrared Sensing (EO/IR), Space Electronics, Space Environmental Impacts and Mitigation, Space Platforms & Operations Technologies, and Space Experiments.

Multidisciplinary Research Program of the University Research Initiative – Physics, Chemistry and Mechanics of Polymer Dielectric Breakdown

see PIVOT notice

Abstract
The MURI program supports basic research in science and engineering at U.S. institutions of higher education (hereafter referred to as “universities”) that is of potential interest to DoD. The program is focused onmultidisciplinary research efforts where more than one traditional discipline interacts to provide rapid advances in scientific areas of interest to the DoD. DoD’s basic research program invests broadly in many specific fields to ensure that it has early cognizance of new scientific knowledge.

The purpose of this MURI is to understand how, under static and/or cyclic electric fields, different processes on different time- and length-scales couple and give rise to deleterious chemistries leading to failure. We contend that understanding the underlying network of chemistry, morphology, mechanics, and electronics on such disparate scales may allow us to turn off one or more critical processes and avoid breakdown – perhaps akin to shutting down reaction networks in proteomics. In that light, we wish to understand mechanisms of progressive degradation, the mechanisms that oppose degradation and breakdown, the effects of temperature and environment on such mechanisms, and the mechanism by which final failure occurs. We place particular emphasis on pulsed electric fields. Such studies should lead to guidelines for designing high-electric-field-tolerant materials. Specific aims include: (1) Understand the coupled mechanisms of dielectric degradation and breakdown (intrinsic and extrinsic) in model dielectric materials as a function of initial defect content, morphological features, length-scale and time-scale regimes, mechanical stress, and operating environments; (2) Create and utilize multi-scale modeling, and ultra-fast electrical, chemical, and morphological characterization tools to probe and understand multi-time and multi-scale defect evolution and charge carrier dynamics; (3) Develop a scientific basis of systemic dielectric degradation and breakdown, and create predictive data-driven models/guidelines that allow for rapid screening and identification of previously unknown electric field-tolerant materials; and (4) Develop synthesis and design strategies to create and realize the identified electric field tolerant materials.

Research Concentration Areas: A balanced, interdisciplinary program consisting of (1) Multi-scale theory and modeling; (2) Ultra-fast morphological, spectroscopic, electrical and physical characterization; (3) Mechanics; and (4) Advanced synthesis and testing.

ECBC Broad Agency Announcement (BAA) – Chemical Point Detection

see PIVOT notice

Abstract
ECBC’s BAA supports the acquisition of unique and innovative concepts for basic and applied research and development efforts not related to the development of specific systems or hardware.

ECBC competitivelysolicits project offers in Chemical Point Detection. Research is sought in lightweight detection. The ECBC has initiated an effort to investigate technologies with potential for detection and identification of Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear, and Explosive (CBRNE) hazards using small, lightweight, modular devices. This effort will result in development of devices capable of detection of less than incapacitating levels of agents in real-time where real-time is defined as a few seconds. Devices must also be able to recover from an exposure in a similar amount of time. Technologies must demonstrate potential for development into devices with the following desirable characteristics: fit into shirt pockets of battle dress uniforms, weigh less than two pounds, and consume less than two watts of electrical power. Technologies must also demonstrate potential for exhibiting ultra-sensitivity properties, defined as miosis levels of CW agent poisoning, within a few minutes using minimal electrical power. It is also desirable that ultra-sensitivity properties result from addition of a small, lightweight modular form of sensitivity enhancement onto the real-time detection device.

Research is also sought in mass spectrometry. The ECBC is interested in innovative concepts in the following areas, all related to the potential use of mass spectrometry to detect, identify and quantify chemical and explosive hazards.

Request for Proposals for Borders, Trade, and Immigration Research

see PIVOT notice

Abstract
This call is being issued to a wide audience and solicits proposals that will focus on interdisciplinary research, education, and technology development in the areas of borders, trade, and immigration.

CBTIR seeks toaddress a number of research questions related to the themes of Border Security, Legitimate Trade & Travel, and Immigration that are of interest to the public and relevant federal, state, and local agencies. These questions are:

1. Port of the Future
a. What new features, capabilities and associated concepts of operation (CONOPS) can be developed that enhance efficiency, expedite trade and/or security at a maritime port of the future?
b. What overall analysis, including the development of a business case and roadmap, can be developed for a maritime port of the future?
c. Port of the Future – Conduct an academic study:
i. How would a study be conducted on a maritime port of the future that collects, reviews, and analyzes the impact of direct access by post-Panamax ships via the opening of the third set of locks through the Panama Canal?
iii. What analysis of Customs and Border Protection (CBP) operational impacts can be conducted that includes the impact of large ships and the need to shorten time-to-market – personnel impacts; logistical and facility impacts; Non-Intrusive Inspection or X ray scanning of containers impacts, etc.?
iii. What new methods can be developed to evaluate the regulatory, commercial, physical and environmental impacts of increasing container volume and efficiency impacts from expanded capabilities; terminal automation; and increased throughputs?

2. Trade Compliance
a. Counterfeit Detection
i. What new methods of detection and recognition of counterfeit articles can be developed for items made of inorganic materials in containers?
ii. What models can be developed to understand the performance of non-invasive sensor systems for detecting and classifying organic and inorganic materials in containers?
b. Agriculture Inspection
i. What new methods can be developed to stimulate movement and activity (i.e., eating, fighting, and procreating) of bugs in various commodities to improve sensor performance?
ii. What new methods can be developed for use with acoustic and microwave radar bug signature data collected from infested commodity packaging to improve classification of bug type?

3. Connecting Cargo to People and Transnational
a. Criminal Organizations (TCO)
i. Connect Cargo to People – Conduct an academic study: Bound within the maritime supply chain, how might a study be conducted to understand information flows between all players involved (including owners, buyers, sellers, governments and logistic parties) who aim to increase the visibility of goods by providing information into the supply chain? Such a study should presume that all participants share some of this data depending on their role in order to increase trade compliance as well increasing efficiency, compliance and security. Is there a way to incorporate biometrics into the supply chain management process in order to ensure a secure chain-of-custody? If so, how would it be accomplished?
ii. How might a study be conducted to understand how information is used and how its flows would be useful to determine methods of improving and facilitating trade while improving security? If biometrics can be incorporated into the supply chain, how can the return-on-investment be determined and what would improve the economic viability of biometrics?

4. Power for Remote Surveillance
a. What assessment of fuel cell technology can be conducted as a source for both back-up and primary power?
i. The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) and others are interested in fuel cells for backup and primary power for surveillance systems at remote sites not on the grid.Some of the surveillance systems are mobile and would use the fuel cell as an alternative to a generator, while other systems are based on solar power and need backup for cloudy weather periods.
b. What assessment can be conducted that includes a survey of industry to understand developmental fuel cell systems?
i. A study should describe available features, maintenance and an approximate costs of a system and fuel replenishment, for both backup and primary systems. What analysis could be conducted to better understand power scavenging to eliminate and reduce the need to replace or recharge batteries? What analysis could be performed to understand future technologies powering remotely located sensors eliminating the need for batteries? A study should include survey methods of power scavenging. Some examples of sources include geothermal ΔT, earth seismic movement, motion from human movement (i.e., watch that powers via a person’s movements) and air movement. DHS is interested in powering sensors without the need to revisit them to replace or recharge batteries.

5. Hand-held Surveillance Technology
a. As it pertains to surveillance in difficult terrain and/or hand-held surveillance technologies, what analysis could be conducted to identify and understand new technologies and techniques that perform non-linear junction detection (NLJD) and locating services (geolocation) at standoff ranges (10 feet → 1Km), which are line of site or non-line of site in uncluttered [electronic] environments?

6. Migration Strategic
a. Indicators It is easy to have a generally accepted understanding of the factors which could have foretold of the impending Unaccompanied Children (UAC) migration crisis but having a generalized model which is comprehensive enough and assessed frequently enough to indicate the impending crisis prior to reaching the crisis level is a challenge. Prior to the event the focus of prediction and enforcement efforts had been on Mexican migration, which actually continued its pattern of decline. This reflects the continuing challenge of trying to capture intangible items such as passed or pending policy changes and potential calculus of the risk/reward balance of people contemplating participating in illegal migration. In addition, forecasting which items which may not have been a factor in the past but could significantly impact those determinations in the future are hard to predict. Lastly, being able to scale in and out of populations (e.g., Mexican migration vs. Honduran Migration) and areas (i.e., “squeezing the balloon” effect) need to be factored in as part of a holistic approach to the challenge.
i. What methods can be used to holistically model migration levels given a multitude of contributing factors, some of which have not previously been tied to migration and others which are difficult to quantify?

7. Missed Detections
a. Defining a “missed detection” is difficult. One challenge is to separate tracking of individuals for illegal activity that is not observed (i.e., drug or alien smuggling). Moreover, it is also difficult to determine which activity was missed since it was not observed. Along those lines, the metric to track “missed detections” (i.e., number of incidents, amount of drugs, or number of undocumented migrants) varies and does not lend itself to the need to develop a true understanding of illegal flows (i.e., best smuggling routes are reserved for drugs and other high value illegal flows while undocumented migrant smuggling is done using less successful routes). What constitutes “missed” is sometimes ambiguous as in discovering footprints leading away from the border may be considered a successful detection of an incursion.
i. What methods can be used to account for missed detections in a way which can inform decisions regarding vulnerabilities from illegal flows while also enabling accurate measures of illegal flow volumes of drugs and undocumented migrants?

8. Central American Immigrants & Refugees Crisis: Is There a Paradigm Shift?
a. Deter or prevent unauthorized movement – what can be done to encourage immigrants and refugees to stay in their countries of origin? Research questions in this theme relate to examining and re-examining push-pull factors, as well as any strategies being used to deter unauthorized migration. Some key questions are:

NIH: Mentored Research Scientist Development Award (Parent K01)

see PIVOT notice

Abstract
The purpose of the NIH Mentored Research Scientist Development Award (K01) is to provide support and “protected time” (three, four, or five years) for an intensive, supervised career development experience in thebiomedical, behavioral, or clinical sciences leading to research independence. Although all of the participating NIH Institutes and Centers (ICs) use this support mechanism to support career development experiences that lead to research independence, some ICs use the K01 award for individuals who propose to train in a new field or for individuals who have had a hiatus in their research career because of illness or pressing family circumstances. Other ICs utilize the K01 award to increase research workforce diversity by providing enhanced research career development opportunities.

Components of Participating Organizations:
National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI)
National Institute on Aging (NIA)
National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA)
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases (NIAMS)
National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering (NIBIB)
Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD)
National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (NIDCD)
National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research (NIDCR)
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)
National Institute of Nursing Research (NINR)
National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH)
Division of Program Coordination, Planning and Strategic Initiatives, Office of Research Infrastructure Programs (ORIP)

Complex Adaptive Systems Conference call for papers

Dr. Cihan Dagli Professor and Founder and Director of Systems Engineering Graduate Program Engineering Management & Systems Engineering dagli@mst.edu Phone: (573) 647-9125 Office: 229 Engineering Managment

Led by Missouri S&T’s Cihan Dagli

Abstract submissions are due by Monday, May 9, for the Complex Adaptive Systems Conference, which will be held Nov. 2-4 in Los Angeles. Researchers are invited to share research findings and help expand the field of engineering cyber physical systems. The conference theme is “Engineering Cyber Physical Systems: Applying Theory to Practice.” Paper topics can include the following:

  • Cyber physical systems
  • Intelligent and adaptive systems
  • Data science and analytics
  • Business and financial analytics
  • Emerging technologies and complexity
  • Next generation neural networks.

Attendees will have the opportunity to network and meet with Dr. Cihan Dagli, professor of engineering management and systems engineering, recently named to onlineengineeringprograms.com’s list of “20 Systems Engineering Professors to Know,” for his achievements in advancing the field of systems engineering. For more information, visit complexsystems.mst.edu.