U.S. Army Research Institute for the Behavioral and Social Sciences Broad Agency Announcement for Basic, Applied, and Advanced Research (Fiscal Years 2013-2018)

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The funding opportunity is divided into two sections- (1) Basic Research and (2) Applied Research and Advanced Technology Development. The Applied Research and Advanced Technology Development Section is divided intofour subsections- Training; Leader Development; Team and Inter-Organizational Performance in Complex Environments; and Solider/Personnel Issues.

Basic Research is defined as systematic study directed toward greater knowledge or understanding of the fundamental aspects of phenomena and of observable facts without specific application of processes or products in mind. The ARI’s Foundational Science Research Unit manages the Basic Research Program and maintains close contact with ARI’s applied scientists and other relevant agencies within the Army. These contacts help define issues that require fundamental research, ensure that the basic research program is coordinated across Services, and facilitate the transition of basic research results to applied programs for eventual use by the operationalArmy. Topic areas of research interest include the following:
1. Improving Training in Complex Environments: Research in this area focuses on developing concepts and methods for training complex tasks and for sustaining complex task performance.
2. Improving Leader and Team Performance: The focus of this area is to develop leader adaptability and flexibility, and discover and test the basic cognitive principles that underlie the dynamics of small group leadership and effective leader-team performance in both face-to-face and distributed environments.
3. Identifying, Assessing, and Assigning Quality Personnel: This research domain is concerned with identifying and measuring the aptitudes and skills that are unique to the human performance requirements of the Future Force and the sociological and psychological factors that could influence recruitment, retention, and Army performance.
4. Understanding Organizational Behavior and Network Science: The focus of this area is on understanding and predicting large and small group behavioral processes in dynamic social networks, whether in simulations, games, or Army organizations.

The ARI seeks Applied Research proposals that provide a systematic expansion and application of knowledge to design and develop useful strategies, techniques, methods, tests, or measures that provide the means to meet a recognized and specific Army need. Applied Research precedes system specific technology investigations or development, but it should have a high potential to transition into the Advanced Technology Development (ATD) Program. The ARI ATD Program includes the development of technologies, components, or prototypes that can be tested in field experiments and/or simulated environments. Projects in this category have a direct relevance to identified military needs. These projects should demonstrate the general military utility or cost reduction potential of technology in the areas of personnel selection, assignment, and retention; training strategies and techniques; leader education and development; performance measurement; and team and inter-organizational mission effectiveness. These projects should be focused on a more direct operational benefit and if successful, the technology should be available for transition. Research topics are as follows:
1. Training for full spectrum readiness
2. Training for new military technology
3. Enhancing army institutional training
4. Simulation tools for learning, practice, and mission rehearsal
5. Adaptive training technology
6. Tools for training in a technology-enhanced, learner-centered environment
Leader development
2. Leadership as an influential process
2. Developing leadership situational awareness
3. Developmental interventions for effective leadership in a changing army
Team and inter-organizational performance in complex environments
1. Joint, interagency, intergovernmental, and multinational multi-team systems
2. Networked organizations
3. Multi-national and cross-cultural operations
Soldier/personnel issues
1. Expanded tools for enlisted and officer selection
2. Improved person-job match