Archives for November 12, 2015

Navy: Stand-off and Remote Improvised Explosive Device Detection and Neutralization

see announcement

Office of Naval Research along with many government agencies have invested in research and development of various concepts of detecting explosive threats (mines, IEDs, and Home-Made Explosives) and their related components (metallic and non-metallic) at stand-off distances. While improvement in sensitivity and selectivity of explosive detection sensors have increased, challenges still remain to acquire relevant information rapidly enough to maintain an operational tempo while maintaining a safe stand-off distance in expeditionary operation (vehicle or other small platform operation). Most of the current optical and Radio Frequency (RF) solutions suffer poor collection efficiency due to severe scattering from the targets, hence, not capable of providing sufficient coverage. Ideal solutions should include determination of all types of explosives, provide sufficient coverage rate enabling detection, classification, and identification all the explosive threats from a moving platform. In order to address these challenges, this announcement is seeking innovative research topics that can address the following research areas.

This announcement is being initially released under the current Long Range BAA numbered ONR BAA15-001 in order to allow sufficient time for all interested parties to submit white papers prior to full proposals. It is expected that proposals will be received under the anticipated new Long Range BAA numbered N00014-16-R-BA01, which is expected to be released in late September 2015 since the requested submission date for proposals is after the expiration of the current Long Range BAA numbered ONRBAA15-001. The requirements of proposal submission, evaluation and award of any resulting contracts will ultimately be subject to N00014-16-R-BA01. Potential Offerors may review the current Long Range BAA numbered ONR BAA15-001 to get a general understanding of what the proposal requirements may be in the anticipated follow-on Long Range BAA numbered N00014-16-R-BA01.

Navy: Young Investigator Program (YIP)

see announcement

The Office of Naval Research announces its Young Investigator Program to identify and support academic scientists and engineers who have recently received Ph.D. or equivalent degrees and who show exceptional promise fordoing creative research. The objectives of this program are to attract outstanding faculty members of institutions of higher education to the Navy’s research program, to support their research, and to encourage their teaching and research careers.

DTRA: Fundamental Research to Counter Weapons of Mass Destruction (C-WMD)

see announcement

This BAA is an extramural endeavor that combines fundamental research needs of DTRA and other DOD interests. DTRA safeguards America and its allies from weapons of mass destruction (WMD) and provide capabilities toreduce, eliminate and counter the threat and effects from chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear, and high yield explosives. DTRA seeks to identify, adopt, and adapt emerging, existing and revolutionary sciences that may demonstrate high payoff potential to Counter-WMD (C-WMD) threats. This announcement solicits white papers for long-term challenges in specific fundamental areas of research that offer a significant contribution to the current body of knowledge, understanding of phenomena and observable facts, significantly advance revolutionary technology, new concepts for technology application, and may have impact on future C-WMD capabilities. A small portion of this effort is expected to be devoted to awards for science, technology, engineering and mathematics education programs with a C-WMD focus; such as, but not limited to, stipends, degrees, and visiting scientist programs.

White papers and proposals shall be written against the Thrust Area descriptions:
Thrust Area 1: Science of WMD Sensing and Recognition: The basic science of WMD sensing and recognition is the fundamental understanding of materials that demonstrate measurable changes when stimulated by radiation or particles from WMD in the environment. This research thrust involves exploration and exploitation of interactions between materials and various photons, molecules, nuclear radiation and/or particles. These interactions and the specific form of recognition they provide are used for subsequent generation of information that provides knowledge of the presence, identity, and/or quantity of material or energy in the environment that may be significant.

Thrust Area 2: Cognitive, Information and Network Science: The basic science of cognitive and information science results from the convergence of computer, information, mathematical, network, cognitive and social science. This research thrust expands our understanding of physical and social networks and advances knowledge of adversarial intent with respect to the acquisition, proliferation, and potential use of WMD. The methods may include analytical, computational or numerical, or experimental means to integrate knowledge across disciplines and improve rapid processing of intelligence and dissemination of information.

Thrust Area 3: Science for Protection: Fundamental science for protection involves advancing knowledge to protect life and life-sustaining resources and networks. Protection includes threat containment, decontamination, threat filtering, and shielding of systems. The concept is generalized to include fundamental investigations that reduce consequences of WMD, assist in the restoration of life-sustaining functions, and support forensic science.

Thrust Area 4: Science to Defeat WMD: Fundamental Science for significantly improving energetic materials for use against WMD facilities and systems, for deeper penetration to deny the adversary sanctuary of WMD, for predictable modeling of counter-WMD munitions and simulation of in-theater scenarios with accurate lethality calculations, for minimizing collateral effects when engaging WMD and for exploiting vulnerable pathways, infrastructure etc. to eliminate the threat of WMD.

Thrust Area 5: Science to Secure WMDs: Fundamental science to support securing WMD includes: (a) environmentally responsible innovative processes to neutralize chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear, or explosive (CBRNE) materials and components; (b) discovery of revolutionary means to secure components and weapons; and (c) studies of scientific principles that lead to novel physical or other tags and methods to monitor compliance and disrupt proliferation pathways. The identification of basic phenomena that provide verifiable controls on materials and systems also helps arms control.

Thrust Area 6: Cooperative Counter WMD Research with Global Partners: Cooperative fundamental research to reduce the global threat of WMD in collaboration with a broad range of global research partners. This thrust area involves exploratory applied research that may have a basic research component to address opportunities to reduce, eliminate, and counter WMD across the Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear, and High Explosive (CBRNE) spectrum. Strong international relationships will foster smooth transition of C-WMD program ownership to the partnering country. The foci are to improve international collaboration to detect, characterize, and report WMD, and to advance host nation sustainment through a culture of long-term cooperation and scientific responsibility for C-WMD programs. Multidisciplinary research in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics promotes transparency through quality research publications and continual dialogue between scientist/engineers and young researchers.

There are 2 categories of award that will be considered:
1. Single Investigator Awards: Proposals that focus on exploratory aspects of a unique problem, a high risk approach, or innovative research in subjects with potential for high impact to fundamental C-WMD science.
2. Single Grant/Multiple Investigator/Multidisciplinary Awards: Proposals that involve a comprehensive program of innovative research in either a focused or interdisciplinary area with potential for high impact. The proposed research must involve fundamental contributions in research by multiple investigators from diverse disciples (proposal must be multidisciplinary). Investigators may be from a single institution or different institutions.

DARPA: Young Faculty Award (YFA)

limited submissions please contact the Vice Provost Research if you wish to apply

see announcement

The DARPA Young Faculty Award (YFA) program aims to identify and engage rising stars in junior faculty positions in academia and equivalent positions at non-profit research institutions and expose them to Department ofDefense (DoD) and National Security challenges and needs. In particular, this YFA will provide high-impact funding to elite researchers early in their careers to develop innovative new research directions in the context of enabling transformative DoD capabilities. The long-term goal of the program is to develop the next generation of scientists and engineers in the research community who will focus a significant portion of their future careers on DoD and National Security issues.

DARPA is soliciting innovative research proposals in physical sciences, engineering, materials, mathematics, biology, computing, informatics, and manufacturing of interest to DARPA’s Defense Sciences Office (DSO), Biological Technology Office (BTO) and Microsystems Technology Office (MTO). Further detail regarding technical areas of interest can be found in the Technical Areas topics list. Proposals that fail to respond directly to a Technical Area will be considered nonresponsive.

Proposals responding to this RA should clearly describe the DoD problem being addressed, the current state-of-the-art technology, new insights to address the problem, a credible research plan and schedule, and critical, quantitative milestones to be pursued over each 12 month phase. Proposers should familiarize themselves with and address the Heilmeier Catechism in responding to this RA.

DARPA: Make-It

see announcement

The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) is soliciting innovative research proposals in the area of research related to the development of an automated chemical synthesizer that can produce, purify,characterize and scale a wide range of small molecules. Proposed research should investigate innovative approaches that enable revolutionary advances in science, devices and/or systems. Specifically excluded is research that primarily results in evolutionary improvements to the existing state of practice.

The Make-It program will specifically address the development of an automated end-to-end system that includes capabilities for (i) computational analysis and design of synthetic pathways, (ii) a reagent/starting material delivery mechanism, and (iii) interconnected fluidic modules for synthesis and in-line monitoring, purification and formulation. A successful Make-It system will demonstrate maximal synthetic flexibility using a minimal set of modules by synthesizing several organic small molecule active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs), including in-line formulation of one API to yield a finished drug product, as well as synthesizing a series of DARPA-defined small molecule challenge targets. DARPA anticipates that Make-It will completely overhaul the current workflow for chemical design, synthesis and scale-up.

Harry Frank Guggenheim Foundation’s Dissertation Fellowships Support Completion of Dissertations

See announcement.

Dissertation fellowships are awarded each year to individuals who will complete the writing of the dissertation within the award year. These fellowships are designed to contribute to the support of the doctoralcandidate to enable him or her to complete the thesis in a timely manner. This fellowship is not for support of doctoral research.

Questions that interest the foundation concern violence and aggression in relation to social change, intergroup conflict, war, terrorism, crime, and family relationships, among other subjects. Dissertations with no relevance to understanding human violence and aggression will not be supported. Priority will also be given to areas and methodologies not receiving adequate attention and support from other funding sources.

NIH: Extended Development, Hardening and Dissemination of Technologies in Biomedical Computing, Informatics and Big Data Science (R01)

See announcement.

The goal of this program announcement is to support the extended development, maintenance, testing, evaluation, hardening and dissemination of existing biomedical software. The NIH is interested in promoting a broadbase of research and development of technologies in biomedical computing, informatics, and Big Data Science that will support rapid progress in areas of scientific opportunity in biomedical research. It is expected that this research and development is conducted in the context of important biomedical and behavioral research problems and that domain researchers are consulted to make sure that the software is relevant to users. As such, applications are intended to develop enabling technologies that could apply to the interests of most NIH Institutes and Centers and range from basic biomedicine and including research to all relevant organ systems and diseases. Major themes of research include collaborative environments; data integration; analysis and modeling methodologies; and novel computer science and statistical approaches. New opportunities are also emerging as large and complex data sets are becoming increasingly available to the research community. The proposed work should apply best practices and proven methods for software design, construction, and implementation to extend the applicability of existing technologies in biomedical computing, informatics and big data science to a broader biomedical research community.

NLM: Express Research Grants in Biomedical Informatics (R01)

See announcement.

The National Library of Medicine (NLM) offers support for innovative research in biomedical informatics. The scope of NLM’s interest in the research domain of informatics is interdisciplinary, encompassing informaticsproblem areas in the application domains of health care, public health, basic biomedical research, bioinformatics, biological modeling, translational research and health information management in disasters. NLM defines biomedical informatics as the science of optimal organization, management, presentation and utilization of information relevant to human health and biology. Informatics research produces concepts, tools and approaches that advance what is known in the field and have the capacity to improve human health.

NIH: Spatial Uncertainty: Data, Modeling, and Communication (R03)

See announcement.

The purpose of this funding opportunity announcement (FOA) is to support innovative research that identifies sources of spatial uncertainty (i.e., inaccuracy or instability of spatial or geographic information) inpublic health data, incorporates the inaccuracy or instability into statistical methods, and develops novel tools to visualize the nature and consequences of spatial uncertainty.

Components of Participating Organizations:

National Cancer Institute (NCI)
National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD)


Stars shine on Missouri S&T observatory once more published bu UM System news.