NSF Combustion and Fire Systems

National Science Foundation (NSF)
Directorate for Engineering (ENG)
The goal of the Combustion and Fire Systems program is to generate cleaner global and local environments, enhance public safety, improve energy and homeland security, manufacture new materials, and create more efficientmanufacturing.

The program endeavors to provide basic engineering knowledge that is needed to develop useful combustion applications (such as flame-assisted synthesis of novel materials) and for mitigating the effects of fire. Broad-based tools – experimental, diagnostic, and computational – that can be applied to a variety of problems in combustion and fire systems are the major products of this program.

Some desired outcomes from this program include: science & technology for clean and efficient generation of power, both stationary and mobile; combustion science and technology for energy-efficient manufacturing; research that enables clean global and local environments (reduction in combustion generated pollutants – GHGs, NOx, Soot, etc.); enhanced public safety and homeland security through research on fire growth, inhibition and suppression; and, educate and train an innovative workforce for power, transportation, and manufacturing industries.

Research areas of interest for this program include:
– Basic Combustion Science: Laminar and turbulent combustion of gas, liquid, and solid fuels in premixed, non-premixed, partially premixed, and homogeneous modes over a broad range of temperatures, pressures and length scales. Burning of novel and synthetic fuels. Development of models and diagnostic tools.
– Combustion Science related to Climate-change: Increasing efficiency and reducing pollutants. Production and use of renewable fuels. Technologies such as oxy-fuel combustion and chemical looping combustion for carbon sequestration.
– Fire Prevention: Improved understanding of fires to prevent their spread, inhibit their growth, and suppress them.
– Turbulent Combustion Modeling and Validation: This is a NSF-AFOSR (Air Force Office Scientific Research) joint funding area focusing on team efforts closely coordinating experimental and modeling efforts for validating fundamental turbulent combustion model assumptions.

Innovative proposals outside of these specific interest areas may be considered. However, prior to submission, it is recommended that the PI contact the Program Director to avoid the possibility of the proposal being returned without review.

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