Archives for February 6, 2015

Glass

You probably knew that Missouri S&T is famed for its materials research but today we turn the spotlight on one of the several points of brilliance in our materials repertoire — GLASS. Yep one of the miracle materials coming that preceded even the Industrial Revolution sees constant improvement and right here in Rolla is a significant node on the world’s continuing development of glass. Check out the following:

Computational and Experimental Methods towards Understanding the Chemistry and Physics of Materials over 2000 Degrees Celsius

Fiscal Year (FY) 2015 Department of Defense Multidisciplinary Research Program of the University Research Initiative: Computational and Experimental Methods towards Understanding the Chemistry and Physics of Materials over 2000 Degrees Celsius United States Department of Defense (DOD) Department of the Navy Office of Naval Research (ONR)

The objective of this MURI is to provide a fundamental understanding of the chemistry and physics of materials in extreme environments, particularly at temperatures above 2000°C. It is divided in to 2 major areas: a)theoretical understanding of the nature of the bonding and crystal structure as they relate to the melting behavior, thermal, and mechanical behavior, and the use of this knowledge to create new compounds with improved properties, and b) the understanding of thermally activated events including diffusion mechanisms, microstructure evolution, and thermally-induced chemistries at these temperatures as they relate to solid-solid interactions and oxidation to improve prolonged high-temperature applications. In this MURI, we seek to develop rationale design strategies based on scientific principles rather than relying upon informed intuition and require the use of theory for interpretation of experimental results. Using quantum theories we seek a fundamental understanding of the electronic structure of known ultra-high temperaturematerials, especially the topological features of electron density gradients, i.e., Bader analyses, within those materials. High-throughput screening and informatics approaches should be used to find alternative compositions having similar topological networks of chemical bonding. Computational thermodynamics will be used to predict phase diagrams of those complex multicomponent systems, and validation of those predictions will be done experimentally. ICME principles are de rigueur.

A balanced, interdisciplinary program consisting of: (1) computational materialsscience; (2) materials synthesis and characterization; (3) calorimetry and phase diagram development, e.g., CALPHAD; (4) in operandi testing methods.

The MURI program supports basic science and engineering research of critical importance to national defense. The program is focused on multidisciplinary research efforts that intersect more than one traditional science and engineering discipline to address issues of critical concern to the DOD.

William R. Kimel, P.E., Engineering Scholarship

William R. Kimel, P.E., Engineering Scholarship National Society of Professional Engineers (NSPE)

The scholarship is awarded annually to an undergraduate student who is a resident of either Kansas or Missouri, enrolled as a junior in an ABET-accredited engineering program in a college or university in either Kansas orMissouri.

Research Experiences for Teachers (RET) in Engineering and Computer Science

Research Experiences for Teachers (RET) in Engineering and Computer Science – Supplements and Sites  National Science Foundation (NSF) Directorate for Engineering (ENG) Division of Engineering Education and Centers (EEC)

This program supports active long-term collaborative partnerships between K-12 Science, Technology, Engineering, Computer and Information Science, and Mathematics (STEM) teachers and community college and university faculty and students to bring knowledge of engineering orcomputer and information science and engineering as well as technological innovation to pre-college/community college classrooms. The goal of these partnerships is to enable K-12 STEM teachers and community college faculty to translate their research experiences and new knowledge gained in university settings into their classroom activities. The university team will include faculty, graduate and undergraduate students as well as industrial advisors. Involvement of graduate students in support of academic-year classroom activities is particularly encouraged. Partnerships with inner city, rural or other high needs schools are especially encouraged, as is participation by underrepresented minorities, women, and persons with disabilities.

Grants for Studies in Systems Biology and Antibacterial Resistance

National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases Intends to Award U01 Grants for Studies in Systems Biology and Antibacterial Resistance The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) has issued a Funding Opportunity Announcement (FOA) soliciting applications that use a multidisciplinary systems biology approach to study the molecularinteraction networks of the pathogen and the host in association with antibacterial resistance or in response to treatment of antibacterial resistant infections. The application’s focus must be on bacterial pathogens with established antibacterial resistance. This FOA will not support applications focused on drug-resistant tuberculosis. Any individuals with the skills, knowledge, and resources necessary to carry out the proposed research as the program directors/principal investigators are invited to work with their organization to develop an application for support. NIAID intends to commit $8 million in FY 2016 to fund up to five awards. Budgets for total costs of up to $2 million per year may be requested. The scope of the proposed project should determine the project period. The maximum project period is five years. The deadline for Letters of Intent is June 9, 2015; the application deadline is July 9, 2015.

National Science Board Invites National Medal of Science Nominations

National Science Board Invites National Medal of Science Nominations  The National Medal of Science is the Nation’s highest honor for scientists and engineers, and is presented annually by the President of the United States. It was established by the 86th Congress in 1959 as aPresidential Award to be given to individuals “deserving of special recognition by reason of their outstanding contributions to knowledge in the physical, biological, mathematical, or engineering sciences.” In 1980 Congress expanded this recognition to include the social and behavioral sciences. The Committee has established the following considerations for selection of candidates: (a) The impact of an individual’s body of work on the current state of his or her field of science or engineering; (b) Whether the individual’s achievements are of an unusually significant nature in relation to the potential effects on the development of thought in his or her field of science or engineering; (c) Whether the nominee has demonstrated unusually distinguished service in the general advancement of science or engineering for the nation, especially when accompanied by substantial contributions to the content of science; (d) The recognition of the nominee by peers within his or her community, and whether she or he is recognized for substantial impact in fields in addition to her or his discipline; (e) If the nominee has made contributions to innovation and industry; (f) Whether the nominee has demonstrated sustained influence on education through publications, teaching activities, outreach, mentoring, etc.; and (g) Whether the nominee’s contributions have created significant positive impact for the nation. Many more nominations are received than awards may be given. Ideal nominations make a strong case for scientific or engineering achievement as well as broader impacts in promoting the progress of science; advancing the national health, prosperity, and welfare; securing the national defense; and other purposes. Self-nominations are not eligible. Teams are not eligible for consideration. Nominations should be received by March 27, 2015.

Prakash Reddy publishes new text

Associate Professor of Chemistry Prakash Reddy new text Organofluorine Compounds in Biology and Medicine, 1st Edition was published January 28th. The book covers the synthesis and biochemical and therapeutic applications of organofluorine compounds, making it an essential source for researchers on fluorine chemistry and its biomedical uses. You can find the book at this link. 

Laufer Energy Symposium

ERDC has announced it is hosting a September 9-11 Symposium in Houston. Check it out here.

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The Laufer symposium focuses on our energy future and structured to foster dialogue and exchange of ideas between thought leaders in the energy industry. While other conferences feature presentations focused on current energy issues, this event provides an opportunity for interactive discussion between leaders on future energy sources, technology drivers, and management systems.

ASCE CI Construction Engineering Student Scholarship

CI Construction Engineering Student Scholarship American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE) Construction Institute (CI) — One student will be selected to receive a multi-year scholarship payable until and including the year of undergraduate graduation – not to exceed three years.

National Medal of Technology and Innovation

National Medal of Technology and Innovation United States Patent and Trademark Office — The National Medal of Technology and Innovation (formerly known as the National Medal of Technology) is the highest honor awarded by the President of the United States to America’s leading innovators. Established bystatute in 1980, the National Medal of Technology and Innovation was first awarded in 1985. The Medal is given to individuals, teams, and companies/non-profits or divisions of companies/non-profits for their outstanding contributions to the nation’s economic, environmental and social well-being through the promotion of technology, technological innovation, or the development of the nation’s technological manpower (workforce).